Pachysandra procumbens

Common Name
Allegheny spurge

Family
Buxaceae (Boxwood)

Tree or plant type / form
Semi-evergreen perennial ground cover

Landscape Use
Useful as a semi-evergreen groundcover in woodland gardens or other dry, shady sites; spreads slowly by rhizomes to form a dense carpet of handsome foliage; it is lesser known than the popular Japanese pachysandra (P. terminalis) but serves much the same purpose in the landscape.

Season of interest and/or other ornamental feature(s)
Year-round interest  

Size at Landscape Maturity
6 to 12 inches tall; plants eventually form dense colonies several feet wide

Light exposure
Partial sun to dense shade

USDA Hardiness zones
5 – 9

Origin / Native locale
Southeastern United States

Wildlife Value (incl. pollinators)
Attracts bees in early spring

Soil Type & Drainage
Does best in moist soils of most types including clay an sand

Tolerances
Drought, heavy shade; resistant to the leaf and stem blight problems that can plague P. terminalis.

Leaf Description
2-4 inch long, rounded to fan-shaped semi-evergreen leaves are held in whorled clusters at the tips of shoots. The blue-green summer foliage transitions to purplish-green with silvery mottling during the winter.

Bloom Time in Northeast Ohio
Mid to late April

Flower Description
Short spikes of white, slightly fragrant flowers are produced along the basal stems and are sometimes obscured by the foliage.

Cone / Fruit
Small, dry capsules, seldom produced in any quantity. 

Available at
Secrest Arboretum Plant Discovery Days and selected local nurseries


Use the Secrest Aboretum Explorer to find locations where this plant is located on the Wooster campus.

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