The following sources were used to collect the attributes listed.  Final determination was made by Jason Veil, Secrest Curator.

Morton Arboretum:

Missouri Botanical Gardens:

United States Department of Agriculture:

North Carolina State Extension:

Royal Horticultural Society:

Great Plant Picks:

Chicago Botanic Garden:


Dirr, Michael A.  Dirr’s Hardy Trees and Shrubs.  Portland, OR:  Timber Press, 1997


Secrest Arboretum Staff

Scroll to Top